Dargah of Nizamuddin Auliya

 Dargah of Nizamuddin Auliya, Delhi Mosques & Dargahs  Comments Off on Dargah of Nizamuddin Auliya
Nov 022009
 

Dargah of Nizamuddin Auliya in Delhi

Dargah of Nizamuddin Auliya Nizamuddin Dargah enshrines Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya or Nizam-ud-Din, a revered Sufi saint. During the lifetime of the saint, a settlement developed here, still inhabited and known by the name of Nizamuddin. Hazrat Nizam-ud-Din Auliya Dargah of Delhi also entombs Amir Khusrau, a poet and the saint’s favorite disciple. The Dargah was built by Muhammad Tughluq and consists of one of the most revered pilgrimages of the Muslims. Other tombs enshrined in the Delhi Hazrat Nizamuddin Awliya Dargah are those of Jahan Ara Begum, Shah Jahan’s daughter and Mirza Ghalib, a distinguished poet.

Surrounded by a number of tombs, this Dargah is constructed on top of a tank. There is a legend attached to the Nizamuddin Dargah. It is believed that there was an argument between the rulers of Tughluqabad and the saint over building this tank. The saint, in anger, cursed the rulers that the city of Tughluqabad will never prosper and so did it happen. After its initial construction, the Dargah underwent a number of renovations and reconstructions. The present mausoleum, constructed by Faridu’n Khan, dates back to the year 1562-63. Qawwali singers perform at Hazrat Nizam-ud-Din Auliya Dargah of Delhi around sunset after the evening prayers.

The square chamber of the Dargah is adorned with verandahs and arched gateways. Domed roof of the building has vertical stripes of black marble and is crowned by a lotus cresting. Even the area surrounding the tomb is considered as sacred. Many Muslims, including the royals, have been buried here. The rush for the Dargah is exceptionally heavy during Id and the Urs fair held twice a year. The Urs fair is organized bi-annually n the death anniversaries of Hazrat Nizam-ud-Din Auliya and Amir Khusrau. There are a number of monuments in the Delhi Hazrat Nizamuddin Awliya Dargah including Jama’at-Khana Masjid, Chini Ka Burj (mosque), tombs of Muhammad Shah and Mirza Jahangir, Kali-or-Kalan Masjid, etc.

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Nov 022009
 

Moth ki Masjid in Delhi

moth_ki_masjidMoth ki Masjid is situated between Uday Park and the plush South Extension Part 2 area of New Delhi. An interesting legend is attached to the origin of the Moth ki Masjid, or the Lentil Mosque, of India. About 500 years old, it was built by Sikander Lodi. According to the legend, one day Sikandar Lodi gave a grain of moth (a type of lentil) to his loyal minister Miyan Bhuwa as a reward for fun. The witty minister planted the seed carefully years after years until it multiplied so many times that it could finally finance the construction of the mosque. He then went to the sovereign to ask his permission to build the mosque.

The king was quite impressed. He then laid the foundation of Moth ki Masjid himself, which was built conforming to the Indo-Islamic style of architecture. The mosque is small and simple and is deprived of any minarets or any profuse calligraphic decorations and embellishments that are part of the traditional mosques. However, it marks the revival of architectural activity during the time of the Lodi dynasty. The square red sandstone structure has a small semicircular dome and latticework screens in its windows.

Moth Ki Masjid has three domes. At the rear end of the roof there are double storied towers with arched openings. The domed octagonal chhatris on the corresponding walls are no less impressive.

However it is the prayer chamber of the mosque which fascinates us most. There are five arched openings and all of them are exquisitely decorated. The mihrab has verses from the Koran inscribed in it.

If you are visiting Delhi and you do not visit the Moth Ki Masjid then you are certainly missing a monument that is emblematic of the remarkable architectural dexterity of the Mughals. A great stride forward was taken by Mughals when they designed this splendid mosque. It is indeed a glorious marvel of this era.

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Nov 022009
 

Chiragh-i-Delhi Dargah in Delhi

Chiragh-i-Delhi DargahChiragh-i-Dihli’s Dargah in Delhi is a major tourist attraction in the capital city. It is home to the tomb of the famous Sufi saint Nasir-ud-din Mahmud. He earned the epithet ‘Raushan Chiragh-i-Dili’ (illuminated lamp of Delhi). He inherited the legacy of Hazrat Nizamu’d-Din, his master as the head of the Chisti sect. The sacred saint died in 1356. The village of Chiragh Delhi which grew up around the tomb of Nasir-ud-din Mahmud is today an urban settlement. The village was earlier enclosed in a large rubble-built rectangular square built by Muhammad Bin Tughlaq.

The tomb has been refurbished over time. Majlis Khana(assembly hall) and Mahfil khana(symposium hall) are the special features of the shrine complex. Several mosques, including the one built by Farrukhsiyar are enclosed within the complex. The shrine complex also houses several tombs and graves.

Location:

Chiragh-i-Dihli’s Dargah in Delhi is located in the Chirag Delhi Village. On Lal Bahadur Shastri Marg beyond Chiragh main road

Built By:
Muhammad Bin Tughlaq
When was it was built: 1356

Special Feature:

Chiragh-i-Dihli’s Dargah in Delhi has several structures like the assembly hall, symposium hall, graves and tombs, displaying grand architecture

Nearby Tourist Attractions:

Khirki Masjid, Kalkaji Temple, Lotus Temple, Mubarak Shah’s tomb and Nizamuddin’s Shrine

How to Reach:

Tourists can either take local buses from various points within the city to reach Chiragh-i-Dihli’s Dargah is Delhi, or they can hire auto-rickshaws and taxis or even avail of the metro rail.

Nearest International Airport: Indira Gandhi International Airport

Nearest Metro Station: Central Secretariat

Nearest Railway Station: Nizamuddin Railway Station

Open: On all seven days of the week

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Nov 022009
 

Jama Masjid in Delhi

jama-masjid-delhiThe Jama Masjid, the Friday congregational mosque, in Delhi is the largest and glorious mosque in India. It was the last architectural extravaganza of the Mughal Emperor, Shahjahan built in the year 1656 AD with the help of 5,000 craftsmen. It was made across the road from the Red Fort. The mosque is also known as Masjid-I-Jahanuma, which means ‘mosque commanding view of the world’. The measurement of the mosque is 65 m X 35 m while the courtyard is forms an area of 100 n square. The mosque has the capacity to hold as many as 25,000 devotees. The Lal Qila or the Red Fort stand towards the east of the mosque.

The Jama Masjid was designed as the main mosque of Shahjahan. It stands on one of the two hills, Bho Jhala in the Mughal capital, Shahjahanabad. The mosque has three gateways, four towers and two minarets. It is constructed with alternate use of vertical strips of red sandstone and white marble. The white marble has been used extensively in the three domes and has been inlaid with stripes of black. The structure was situated on a high platform so that its magnificent facade would be visible from all the neighboring areas. The main prayer hall on the west is decorated by a series of high cusped arches, which stand on 260 pillars. These pillars support 15 marble domes at various elevations. The imposing gateways are approached through a broad flight of steps in the north and the south. The hallmarks of this famous mosque are the wide staircases and arched gateways.

The tower is made up of five distinguished storeys, each pronounced by a protruding balcony. Beautiful calligraphy embellishes its adjacent buildings. The first three storeys of the tower are made of red sandstone, the fourth one, while the fifth is again of sandstone.

Jama Masjid Delhi The closet in the North gate of the mosque contains a collection of Muhammad’s relics – the Quran written on deerskin, a red beard-hair of the prophet, his sandals and his footprint, embedded in a marble slab, all of which are still preserved.

The premises of the south minaret are 1076 sq ft wide where the people assemble for the namaaz. The cost for building the mosque was approximately Rupees 10 crores. It was the replica of the Moti Masjid at Red Fort in Agra. It is said that the walls of the mosque were tilted at a certain angle so that at the time of an earthquake, the walls do not collapse in the courtyard but outwards. The Jama Masjid combines the best of he Hindu and Islamic styles of architecture.

The main entrance on the eastern side was probably used by the emperors. It remains close on the weekdays.

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